POPULATION AND YOUNG PEOPLE IN URBAN WARD IN 2000 AND 2010.
YOUTHS ARE AT THE FOREFRONT OF VIETNAM’S URBAN TRANSITION AND SOCIETY
- 16% of Hanoi’s population is aged 15-24 years old;
- Most rural migrants moving to Hanoi are aged between 15 and 34;
- Urbanites aged 25 years old or below are the first generation (since the 1950), to be widely exposed to the global flow of cultural materials, trends, and ideas.
HANOI PUBLIC SPACE
“Public spaces are very scarce in Hanoi. It is very rare to find one [where one can practice].”
(focus group interview, November 22, 2013)
GREEN SPACE PER PERSON IN ASIAN CITIES (m²/per capita)
Public space provision is very challenging in Hanoi. The Vietnamese capital is characterized by some of the worlds’ highest human densities (up to 404 persons/ha), and very scarce formal public spaces: only 0.3% of the city’s territory and less than 1m² per capita.
Compared to other Asian cities with similar high-density urban fabrics, Hanoi is also one of the poorest cities in terms of square meters of green space per habitant: 11.2 m²/capita, compared to an Asian average of 39 m². According to the 2011 Asian Green City Index, Hanoi is the only city, out of the 22 surveyed, that ranks ‘well below average’ in terms of land use and building.
Source: Economist Intelligence Unit (2011) Asian Green City Index. www.thecrystal.org
This research focused on three of Hanoi’s formal public spaces: Lenin Memorial Park, the 34T Plaza and Hòa Bình Park. These places are particularly attractive to youths because:
INRS / UdeM / UQÀM
Institut national de la recherche scientifique / Université de Montréal / Université du Québec à Montréal
Julie-Anne Boudreau, Laurence Charton, Mélissa Côté-Douyon, Stephanie Geertman, Pham Thi Thanh Hien, Olivier Jacques, Danielle Labbé, Alice Miquet, Étienne Pelletier
VASS - Institute of Sociology
Dang Nguyen Anh (director), Doan Phuong Thuy, Trinh Thai Quang, Nguyen Thi Ngoc Ha, Nguyen Thi Xuan, Nguyen Vu Cuong, Nghiem Thuy, Pham Ngoc Tan
Tran Thi Kieu Thanh Ha (project manager), Sian Fitzgerald and Kristie Daniel (Canada office)
Vincent Baumont, Almaz Media
Tran Huy Anh, Ta Quynh Hoa (DHXD), Doan The Trung (DHXD), Nguyen Pham Son Tung, Tran Hoang Viet, Dinh Thi Dieu, Doan Thi The, Nguyen Kim Dung, Sylvain Rodrigue, Tran Thi Huong Giang, Buy Minh Tam, Nguyen Thanh Mai and Tran Ngoc Anh
Web design by Olivier Jacques
Translation to Vietnamese by Tran Thi Huong Giang
Financed by Université de Montréal